|Course Type||Course Code||No. Of Credits|
To which offered: (I/ III/ V) III semester
Course Title: Conservation and Livelihoods
Credits: 2 Credits
Course Code (new): SHE2ED324
Type of Course: Elective Yes Cohort MAED
Course Coordinator and Team :Prof. Asmita Kabra (CC)
Email of course coordinator: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biodiversity loss and persistent poverty are major global concerns that have been strongly articulated since the 1980s at the national and global levels. It is perhaps not a coincidence that the world’s most biodiversity rich areas are also home to some of the poorest human populations. Access to biodiversity is critical for meeting livelihood needs of the world’s most vulnerable people and groups. The interaction of these groups with their surrounding landscape shapes their economy, politics, identity, culture and worldviews. Formal laws and policies designed to conserve biodiversity have increasingly come to recognize these linkages. At the same time, conservation policies and practice are based on a simplistic imagination of ‘local communities’ that often does not match up to the complex realities on the ground. This course aims to familiarize students with the theoretical and policy frameworks and on-ground experiences of conservation and local livelihoods. It looks at conservation and livelihood linkages from the lens of the state, society and markets, with a running theme of conservation laws and policies that binds these diverse narratives together.
The course is ideal for students aiming to take up research or practice based careers in conservation organizations. The key objectives of the course are:
- To understand the theoretical basis for past and present conservation policies and practices
- To learn about different models of conservation and their impact on local people’s lives and livelihoods
Conservation and livelihoods: An overview
Protected Areas based conservation: theory and practice
Participatory Conservation: Models and outcomes (ICDPs, CBNRM, Ecotourism, Community-based conservation etc.)
Neoliberal conservation: PES, Carbon and Climate Change
Conservation in human-dominated landscapes
Re-conceptualizing conservation and livelihoods in the 21st century
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- Angelsen A, Jagger P, Babigumira R, et al. 2014. Environmental Income and Rural Livelihoods: A Global-Comparative Analysis. World Development xx.
- Brandon K & Wells M. 1992. People and parks: linking protected area management with local communities. Washington, World Bank/WWF/USAID.
- Brockington D. 2004. Community conservation, inequality and injustice: Myths of power in protected area management. Conservation and Society 2: 411–432.
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- Persha L, Fischer H, Chhatre A, et al. 2010. Biodiversity conservation and livelihoods in human-dominated landscapes: Forest commons in South Asia. Biological Conservation 143: 2918–2925.
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- Cavanagh CJ & Benjaminsen TA. 2015. Guerrilla agriculture? A biopolitical guide to illicit cultivation within an IUCN Category II protected area. The Journal of Peasant Studies 42: 725–745.
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- Mansourian S. 2016. Understanding the Relationship between Governance and Forest Landscape Restoration. Conservation and Society 14: 267–278.
- Marquardt K, Khatri D & Pain A. 2016. REDD + , forest transition , agrarian change and ecosystem services in the hills of Nepal. : 229–244.
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Teaching and Assessment
Teaching will involve a combination of self-study, lectures, tutorials and intensive in-class discussions. The course will draw heavily on case studies of conservation from the global South.
Assessments will consist of continuous in-class activities (30%), and two assessments consisting of a test/essay/term paper (35% each).